Trends in Business and Economics

Trends in Business and Economics (Trend Bus Econ) is a scientific, open access, online-only periodical published in accordance with independent, unbiased, and double-blinded peer-review principles. The journal is official publication of the Ataturk University Faculty of Economics and Administrative Sciences and published quarterly publication in January, April, July, and October. The publication languages of the journal are Turkish and English.

Trends in Business and Economics aims to contribute to the literature by publishing articles at the highest scientific level in economics. The journal publishes original articles, reviews and letters to editors prepared in accordance with ethical rules. The scope of the journal includes economics and business writings. Trends in Business and Economics deals with original articles that have theoretical foundations and are supported by empirical findings. 

The target audience of the journal includes academicians, researchers, professionals, students, related professional and academic bodies and institutions.

Trends in Business and Economics is currently indexed in TUBITAK ULAKBIM TR Index, Directory of Research Journals Indexing, Scientific Indexing Service, Ebsco, EbscoBusiness and China National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI).

The editorial and publication processes of the journal are shaped in accordance with the guidelines of Council of Science Editors (CSE), Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE), European Association of Science Editors (EASE), and National Information Standards Organization (NISO). The journal is in conformity with the Principles of Transparency and Best Practice in Scholarly Publishing (

All manuscripts must be submitted via the online submission system, which is available at The journal guidelines, technical information, and the required forms are available on the journal’s web page.

Statements or opinions expressed in the manuscripts published in the journal reflect the views of the author(s) and not the opinions of the editors, editorial board, and/or publisher; the editors, editorial board, and publisher disclaim any responsibility or liability for such materials.

Open Access Statement
Trends in Business and Economics is an open access publication, and the journal’s publication model is based on Budapest Open Access Initiative (BOAI) declaration. Authors retain the copyright of their published work in the Trends in Business and Economics. The journal’s content is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) 4.0 International License which permits third parties to share and adapt the content for any purpose by giving the apropriate credit to the original work.

Submission Fee Policy
Authors should pay a one-time non-refundable submission fee for all articles to help to fund editorial and peer review administration. There are no surcharges based on the length of an article, figures or supplementary data. The standard, non-refundable submission fee for Trends in Business and Economics is 250 TL (including taxes).

Please note that all submissions are evaluated by the Editorial Board and external reviewers in terms of scientific quality and ethical standards. Submission fee  payments have no effect on the outcome of the article’s evaluation and/or publication priority.

Authors are required to make the submission fee payment at the time of their manuscript submission and submit the payment receipt to the Editorial Office ([email protected]). The evaluation process of the article will begin once the full payment is received. Please note that the the corresponding bank’s fees should not be deducted from the total amount.

Bank Transfer Details
IBAN: TR73 000 1000 1123 4897 3345 001
BANK NAME: Ziraat Bankası
BRANCH NAME: Erzurum Şubesi 
ACCOUNT NUMBER: 348973345001
ADDRESS: Atatürk Üniversitesi, İktisadi ve İdari Bilimler Fakültesi, Erzurum, Turkey
PHONE: +90 442 231 12 31

Editor in Chief: Vedat Kaya
Address:  Ataturk University, Faculty of Economics and Administrative Sciences, Erzurum, Turkey
E-mail:  [email protected]

Publisher: Atatürk University
Address: Atatürk University, Yakutiye, Erzurum, Turkey

Publishing Service: AVES
Address: Büyükdere Cad., 105/9 34394 Şişli, İstanbul, Turkey
Phone: +90 212 217 17 00
E-mail: [email protected]


EISSN 2822-2652