Trends in Business and Economics

Trends in Business and Economics (Trend Bus Econ) is a scientific, open access, online-only periodical published in accordance with independent, unbiased, and double-blinded peer-review principles. The journal is official publication of the Ataturk University Faculty of Economics and Administrative Sciences and published quarterly publication in January, April, July, and October. The publication languages of the journal are Turkish and English.

Trends in Business and Economics aims to contribute to the literature by publishing articles at the highest scientific level in economics. The journal publishes original articles, reviews and letters to editors prepared in accordance with ethical rules. The scope of the journal includes economics and business writings. Trends in Business and Economics deals with original articles that have theoretical foundations and are supported by empirical findings. 

The target audience of the journal includes academicians, researchers, professionals, students, related professional and academic bodies and institutions.

Trends in Business and Economics is currently indexed in DOAJ, ERIH Plus, TUBITAK ULAKBIM TR Index, Directory of Research Journals Indexing, Ebsco, EbscoBusiness and China National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI).

The editorial and publication processes of the journal are shaped in accordance with the guidelines of Council of Science Editors (CSE), Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE), European Association of Science Editors (EASE), and National Information Standards Organization (NISO). The journal is in conformity with the Principles of Transparency and Best Practice in Scholarly Publishing (

Processing and publication are free of charge with the journal. No fees are requested from the authors at any point throughout the evaluation and publication process. All expenses of the journal are covered by Atatürk University. All manuscripts must be submitted via the online submission system, which is available at The journal guidelines, technical information, and the required forms are available on the journal’s web page.

Statements or opinions expressed in the manuscripts published in the journal reflect the views of the author(s) and not the opinions of the editors, editorial board, and/or publisher; the editors, editorial board, and publisher disclaim any responsibility or liability for such materials.

Open Access Statement
Trends in Business and Economics is an open access publication, and the journal’s publication model is based on Budapest Open Access Initiative (BOAI) declaration. Authors retain the copyright of their published work in the Trends in Business and Economics. The journal’s content is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) 4.0 International License which permits third parties to share and adapt the content for any purpose by giving the apropriate credit to the original work.

From January 2022 onwards, content is licensed under a Creative Commons CC BY 4.0 license. The journal’s back content was published under a traditional copyright license however the archive is available for free access.

Editor in Chief: Vedat Kaya
Address:  Ataturk University, Faculty of Economics and Administrative Sciences, Erzurum, Turkey
E-mail:  [email protected]

Publisher: Atatürk University
Address: Atatürk University, Yakutiye, Erzurum, Turkey

Publishing Service: AVES
Address: Büyükdere Cad., 105/9 34394 Şişli, İstanbul, Turkey
Phone: +90 212 217 17 00
E-mail: [email protected]


EISSN 2822-2652